Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge
The natural beauty you see along the Wisconsin Great River Road is protected in large part by the Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge, which is part of the National Wildlife Refuge System.
The Upper Mississippi National Wildlife Refuge stretches for 261 miles from the mouth of the Chippewa River along the northern part of the Wisconsin Great River Road, all the way south to Rock Island, Illinois. It is the longest refuge in the lower 48 states and includes forests, islands, open water and vast wetlands totaling 240,000 acres.
Throughout its length, hundreds of lakes and streams pour into the river, many of them crystal clear trout streams. The refuge along the Wisconsin Great River Road protects important habitat for bald eagles, white pelicans, tundra swans, ducks, geese and hundreds of other bird species. The Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge is the most visited of all the refuges in North America.